Codanin-1, mutated in the anaemic disease CDAI, regulates Asf1 function in S-phase histone supply
Research output: Contribution to journal › Journal article › peer-review
Efficient supply of new histones during DNA replication is critical to restore chromatin organization and maintain genome function. The histone chaperone anti-silencing function 1 (Asf1) serves a key function in providing H3.1-H4 to CAF-1 for replication-coupled nucleosome assembly. We identify Codanin-1 as a novel interaction partner of Asf1 regulating S-phase histone supply. Mutations in Codanin-1 can cause congenital dyserythropoietic anaemia type I (CDAI), characterized by chromatin abnormalities in bone marrow erythroblasts. Codanin-1 is part of a cytosolic Asf1-H3.1-H4-Importin-4 complex and binds directly to Asf1 via a conserved B-domain, implying a mutually exclusive interaction with the chaperones CAF-1 and HIRA. Codanin-1 depletion accelerates the rate of DNA replication and increases the level of chromatin-bound Asf1, suggesting that Codanin-1 guards a limiting step in chromatin replication. Consistently, ectopic Codanin-1 expression arrests S-phase progression by sequestering Asf1 in the cytoplasm, blocking histone delivery. We propose that Codanin-1 acts as a negative regulator of Asf1 function in chromatin assembly. This function is compromised by two CDAI mutations that impair complex formation with Asf1, providing insight into the molecular basis for CDAI disease.
|Journal||E M B O Journal|
|Number of pages||11|
|Publication status||Published - 2012|
- Amino Acid Sequence, Anemia, Dyserythropoietic, Congenital, Cell Cycle Proteins, Chromosomes, DNA Replication, Glycoproteins, HeLa Cells, Histones, Humans, Models, Biological, Molecular Sequence Data, Mutant Proteins, Mutation, Missense, Protein Binding, Protein Interaction Mapping, S Phase