Different cytokine profiles of skin-derived T cell cultures from patients with atopic dermatitis and psoriasis

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OBJECTIVES: To investigate differences in expression of surface markers, cytokine profiles, and presence of CD4(+)CD8(+) T cells in skin-derived T cell cultures from patients with extrinsic atopic dermatitis (AD), intrinsic AD, and psoriasis expanded in the presence of IL-2 and IL-4.

MATERIAL: Skin biopsies from patients with extrinsic AD (n = 6), intrinsic AD (n = 9) and psoriasis (n = 9).

METHODS: Skin-derived T cell cultures were analyzed for expression of six surface markers, 11 intracellular cytokines, and three T cell subtype signature transcription factors by flow cytometry, and secreted cytokines by multiplex.

RESULTS: A different IFN-γ profile emerged between the extrinsic AD and psoriatic T cell cultures; however, there was no difference in IL-17 profile. No differences with regard to cytokine expression were found between extrinsic AD and intrinsic AD cultures; however, cutaneous lymphocyte-associated antigen was expressed by a higher percentage of CD8(+) than CD4(+) T cells in the intrinsic AD cultures. Double-positive CD4(+)CD8(+) T cells were only detected in two out of 15 AD cultures.

CONCLUSION: The data suggest that IL-2 and IL-4 affects the cytokine profile during culture. Earlier findings of substantial levels of double-positive CD4(+)CD8(+) T cells in skin derived T cell cultures from AD skin was not reproduced in this study.

Original languageEnglish
JournalInflammation Research
Issue number4
Pages (from-to)265-72
Number of pages8
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2016

    Research areas

  • Journal Article, Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

ID: 165663828