Regulation of G(2)/M events by Cdc25A through phosphorylation-dependent modulation of its stability.

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DNA replication in higher eukaryotes requires activation of a Cdk2 kinase by Cdc25A, a labile phosphatase subject to further destabilization upon genotoxic stress. We describe a distinct, markedly stable form of Cdc25A, which plays a previously unrecognized role in mitosis. Mitotic stabilization of Cdc25A reflects its phosphorylation on Ser17 and Ser115 by cyclin B-Cdk1, modifications required to uncouple Cdc25A from its ubiquitin-proteasome-mediated turnover. Cdc25A binds and activates cyclin B-Cdk1, accelerates cell division when overexpressed, and its downregulation by RNA interference (RNAi) delays mitotic entry. DNA damage-induced G(2) arrest, in contrast, is accompanied by proteasome-dependent destruction of Cdc25A, and ectopic Cdc25A abrogates the G(2) checkpoint. Thus, phosphorylation-mediated switches among three differentially stable forms ensure distinct thresholds, and thereby distinct roles for Cdc25A in multiple cell cycle transitions and checkpoints.
Original languageEnglish
JournalEMBO Journal
Issue number21
Pages (from-to)5911-20
Number of pages9
Publication statusPublished - 2002
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Keywords: Amino Acid Sequence; Animals; CDC2 Protein Kinase; Cyclin B; DNA Damage; Enzyme Stability; G2 Phase; Humans; Mitosis; Molecular Sequence Data; Phosphorylation; Serine; Ubiquitin; cdc25 Phosphatases

ID: 5014001