Impaired Vitamin D Signaling in T Cells From a Family With Hereditary Vitamin D Resistant Rickets

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

The active form of vitamin D, 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D-3 (1,25(OH)(2)D-3), mediates its immunomodulatory effects by binding to the vitamin D receptor (VDR). Here, we describe a new point mutation in the DNA-binding domain of the VDR and its consequences for 1,25(OH)(2)D-3 signaling in T cells from heterozygous and homozygous carriers of the mutation. The mutation did not affect the overall structure or the ability of the VDR to bind 1,25(OH)(2)D-3 and the retinoid X receptor. However, the subcellular localization of the VDR was strongly affected and the transcriptional activity was abolished by the mutation. In heterozygous carriers of the mutation, 1,25(OH)(2)D-3-induced gene regulation was reduced by similar to 50% indicating that the expression level of wild-type VDR determines 1,25(OH)(2)D-3 responsiveness in T cells. We show that vitamin D-mediated suppression of vitamin A-induced gene regulation depends on an intact ability of the VDR to bind DNA. Furthermore, we demonstrate that vitamin A inhibits 1,25(OH)(2)D-3-induced translocation of the VDR to the nucleus and 1,25(OH)(2)D-3-induced up-regulation of CYP24A1. Taken together, this study unravels novel aspects of vitamin D signaling and function of the VDR in human T cells.

Original languageEnglish
Article number684015
JournalFrontiers in Immunology
Number of pages11
Publication statusPublished - 2021

    Research areas

  • vitamin D, vitamin D receptor, HVDRR, T cells, vitamin A, D-RECEPTOR, DOWN-REGULATION, ACID

Number of downloads are based on statistics from Google Scholar and

No data available

ID: 271688102