Bacterial and Yeast AAA+ Disaggregases ClpB and Hsp104 Operate through Conserved Mechanism Involving Cooperation with Hsp70

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

  • Kummer, Eva
  • Anna Szlachcic
  • Kamila B Franke
  • Sophia Ungelenk
  • Bernd Bukau
  • Axel Mogk

Escherichia coli ClpB and Saccharomyces cerevisiae Hsp104 are members of the Hsp100 family of ring-forming hexameric AAA+ chaperones that promote the solubilization of aggregated proteins and the propagation of prions. ClpB and Hsp104 cooperate with cognate Hsp70 chaperones for substrate targeting and activation of ATPase and substrate threading, achieved by transient Hsp70 binding to the repressing ClpB/Hsp104 M-domain. Fundamental differences in ATPase regulation and disaggregation mechanisms have been reported; however, these differences are raising doubts regarding the working principle of this AAA+ chaperone. In particular, unique functional plasticity was suggested to specifically enable Hsp104 to circumvent Hsp70 requirement for derepression in protein disaggregation and prion propagation. We show here that both ClpB and Hsp104 cooperation with Hsp70 is crucial for efficient protein disaggregation and, in contrast to earlier claims, cannot be circumvented by activating M-domain mutations. Activation of ClpB and Hsp104 requires two signals, relief of M-domain repression and substrate binding, leading to increased ATPase subunit coupling. These data demonstrate that ClpB and Hsp104 operate by the same basic mechanism, underscore a dominant function of Hsp70 in regulating ClpB/Hsp104 activity, and explain a plethora of in vivo studies showing a crucial function of Hsp70 in proteostasis and prion propagation.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Molecular Biology
Issue number21
Pages (from-to)4378-4391
Number of pages14
Publication statusPublished - 2016
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

    Research areas

  • Endopeptidase Clp, Escherichia coli/enzymology, Escherichia coli Proteins/metabolism, HSP70 Heat-Shock Proteins/metabolism, Heat-Shock Proteins/metabolism, Protein Aggregates, Protein Interaction Mapping, Saccharomyces cerevisiae/enzymology, Saccharomyces cerevisiae Proteins/metabolism

ID: 257864856