An Aboriginal Australian genome reveals separate human dispersals into Asia

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

  • Morten Rasmussen
  • Xiaosen Guo
  • Yong Wang
  • Kirk E. Lohmueller
  • Line Skotte
  • Stinus Lindgreen
  • Mait Metspalu
  • Thibaut Jombart
  • Toomas Kivisild
  • Weiwei Zhai
  • Anders Eriksson
  • Andrea Manica
  • Ludovic Orlando
  • Francisco M. De La Vega
  • Silvana Tridico
  • Ene Metspalu
  • Kasper Nielsen
  • Maria del Carmen Avila Arcos
  • Craig Muller
  • Joe Dortch
  • Ole Lund
  • Agata Wesolowska
  • Monika Karmin
  • Lucy A. Weinert
  • Bo Wang
  • Jun Li
  • Shuaishuai Tai
  • Fei Xiao
  • Tsunehiko Hanihara
  • George van Driem
  • Aashish R. Jha
  • François-Xavier Ricaut
  • Peter de Knijff
  • Andrea B. Migliano
  • Irene Gallego Romero
  • David M. Lambert
  • Peter Forster
  • Bernd Brinkmann
  • Olaf Nehlich
  • Michael Bunce
  • Michael Richards
  • Ramneek Gupta
  • Carlos D. Bustamante
  • Robert A. Foley
  • Marta M. Lahr
  • Francois Balloux
  • Thomas Sicheritz-Pontén
  • Richard Villems
  • Jun Wang
We present an Aboriginal Australian genomic sequence obtained from a 100-year-old lock of hair donated by an Aboriginal man from southern Western Australia in the early 20th century. We detect no evidence of European admixture and estimate contamination levels to be below 0.5%. We show that Aboriginal Australians are descendants of an early human dispersal into eastern Asia, possibly 62,000 to 75,000 years ago. This dispersal is separate from the one that gave rise to modern Asians 25,000 to 38,000 years ago. We also find evidence of gene flow between populations of the two dispersal waves prior to the divergence of Native Americans from modern Asian ancestors. Our findings support the hypothesis that present-day Aboriginal Australians descend from the earliest humans to occupy Australia, likely representing one of the oldest continuous populations outside Africa.
Original languageEnglish
Issue number6052
Pages (from-to)94-98
Number of pages5
Publication statusPublished - 2011

    Research areas

  • African Continental Ancestry Group, Animals, Asia, Asian Continental Ancestry Group, Computer Simulation, DNA, Mitochondrial, Emigration and Immigration, Ethnic Groups, European Continental Ancestry Group, Far East, Gene Flow, Gene Frequency, Genetics, Population, Genome, Human, Genome, Mitochondrial, Haplotypes, Hominidae, Humans, Linkage Disequilibrium, Male, Oceanic Ancestry Group, Phylogeny, Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide, Sequence Analysis, DNA, Western Australia

ID: 35397412