A Diversity Oriented Synthesis Approach to New 2,3-trans-Substituted l-Proline Analogs as Potential Ligands for the Ionotropic Glutamate Receptors

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Discovery of chemical tools for the ionotropic glutamate receptors continues to be a challenging task. Herein we report a diversity-oriented approach to new 2,3-trans-l-proline analogs whereby we study how the spatial orientation of the distal carboxylate group influences the binding affinity and receptor class and subtype selectivity. In total, 10 new analogs were synthesized and 14 stereoisomers characterized in binding assays at native rat ionotropic glutamate receptors, and at cloned human homomeric kainic acid (KA) receptor subtypes GluK1-3. The study identified isoxazole analogs 3d,e, which displayed selectivity in binding at native N-methyl-d-aspartate (NMDA) receptors over native α-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazolepropionic acid (AMPA) and KA receptors, in the high nanomolar to low micromolar range. Furthermore, analogs 3i-A/B showed a preference in binding affinity for GluK3 over GluK1,2. Finally, analog 3j displayed high nanomolar affinity for native NMDA receptors as well as for homomeric GluK3 receptors.

Original languageEnglish
JournalACS Chemical Neuroscience
Pages (from-to)702-714
Number of pages13
Publication statusPublished - 4 Mar 2020

ID: 237104712