The human methyltransferase ZCCHC4 catalyses N6-methyladenosine modification of 28S ribosomal RNA

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

  • Rita Pinto
  • Cathrine B Vågbø
  • Magnus E Jakobsson
  • Yeji Kim
  • Marijke P Baltissen
  • Marie-Françoise O'Donohue
  • Ulises H Guzmán
  • Jędrzej M Małecki
  • Jie Wu
  • Finn Kirpekar
  • Olsen, Jesper Velgaard
  • Pierre-Emmanuel Gleizes
  • Michiel Vermeulen
  • Sebastian A Leidel
  • Geir Slupphaug
  • Pål Ø Falnes

RNA methylations are essential both for RNA structure and function, and are introduced by a number of distinct methyltransferases (MTases). In recent years, N6-methyladenosine (m6A) modification of eukaryotic mRNA has been subject to intense studies, and it has been demonstrated that m6A is a reversible modification that regulates several aspects of mRNA function. However, m6A is also found in other RNAs, such as mammalian 18S and 28S ribosomal RNAs (rRNAs), but the responsible MTases have remained elusive. 28S rRNA carries a single m6A modification, found at position A4220 (alternatively referred to as A4190) within a stem-loop structure, and here we show that the MTase ZCCHC4 is the enzyme responsible for introducing this modification. Accordingly, we found that ZCCHC4 localises to nucleoli, the site of ribosome assembly, and that proteins involved in RNA metabolism are overrepresented in the ZCCHC4 interactome. Interestingly, the absence of m6A4220 perturbs codon-specific translation dynamics and shifts gene expression at the translational level. In summary, we establish ZCCHC4 as the enzyme responsible for m6A modification of human 28S rRNA, and demonstrate its functional significance in mRNA translation.

Original languageEnglish
JournalNucleic Acids Research
Volume48
Issue number2
Pages (from-to)830-846
Number of pages17
ISSN0305-1048
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 24 Jan 2020

Bibliographical note

© The Author(s) 2019. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of Nucleic Acids Research.

    Research areas

  • Adenosine/analogs & derivatives, Catalysis, Humans, Methylation, Methyltransferases/chemistry, Protein Binding/genetics, RNA, Messenger/genetics, RNA, Ribosomal, 28S/chemistry

ID: 239210092