4.0-A resolution cryo-EM structure of the mammalian chaperonin TRiC/CCT reveals its unique subunit arrangement

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

  • Yao Cong
  • Matthew L Baker
  • Joanita Jakana
  • David Woolford
  • Erik J Miller
  • Stefanie Reissmann
  • Ramya N Kumar
  • Alyssa M Redding-Johanson
  • Batth, Tanveer Singh
  • Aindrila Mukhopadhyay
  • Steven J Ludtke
  • Judith Frydman
  • Wah Chiu

The essential double-ring eukaryotic chaperonin TRiC/CCT (TCP1-ring complex or chaperonin containing TCP1) assists the folding of approximately 5-10% of the cellular proteome. Many TRiC substrates cannot be folded by other chaperonins from prokaryotes or archaea. These unique folding properties are likely linked to TRiC's unique heterooligomeric subunit organization, whereby each ring consists of eight different paralogous subunits in an arrangement that remains uncertain. Using single particle cryo-EM without imposing symmetry, we determined the mammalian TRiC structure at 4.7-A resolution. This revealed the existence of a 2-fold axis between its two rings resulting in two homotypic subunit interactions across the rings. A subsequent 2-fold symmetrized map yielded a 4.0-A resolution structure that evinces the densities of a large fraction of side chains, loops, and insertions. These features permitted unambiguous identification of all eight individual subunits, despite their sequence similarity. Independent biochemical near-neighbor analysis supports our cryo-EM derived TRiC subunit arrangement. We obtained a Calpha backbone model for each subunit from an initial homology model refined against the cryo-EM density. A subsequently optimized atomic model for a subunit showed approximately 95% of the main chain dihedral angles in the allowable regions of the Ramachandran plot. The determination of the TRiC subunit arrangement opens the way to understand its unique function and mechanism. In particular, an unevenly distributed positively charged wall lining the closed folding chamber of TRiC differs strikingly from that of prokaryotic and archaeal chaperonins. These interior surface chemical properties likely play an important role in TRiC's cellular substrate specificity.

Original languageEnglish
JournalProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Volume107
Issue number11
Pages (from-to)4967-72
Number of pages6
ISSN0027-8424
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 16 Mar 2010

    Research areas

  • Amino Acid Sequence, Animals, Cattle, Chaperonin Containing TCP-1/chemistry, Cryoelectron Microscopy, Crystallography, X-Ray, Models, Molecular, Molecular Sequence Data, Protein Structure, Secondary, Protein Subunits/chemistry, Reproducibility of Results, Static Electricity, Surface Properties

ID: 204047553